Fort in Agra is one of the earliest surviving Mughal buildings in the
city. Agra Fort also represents the first major building project of
Emperor Akbar, though remains of only a few buildings built by him now
Agra Fort was built on an earlier castle site in AD 1565-75, apart from
other important units the massive fortress contains 'Jahangiri Mahal',
'Khass Mahal', 'Diwan-i-Khass', 'Diwan-i-Am', 'Machchhi Bhawan' and the
breathtaking Moti Masjid or Pearl Mosque. Many extant buildings were
erected later on by Shah Jahan (AD 1630-55).
Irregularly triangular on plan, Agra Fort is enclosed by a double
battlemented 70-foot high wall of red sandstone, which is about 2-km in
perimeter and interrupted by graceful curves and lofty bastions. Of its
four gates, the most impressive is the Delhi Gate on the west.
Within The Fortress - Agra Fort
Stone fortifications were used to replace the older brick foot. Many
buildings were constructed within the Agra Fort to which very few remain
till date. But enough remains to give the visitor a flavour of the past.
What makes it more interesting is the fact that one can easily trace
here the architectural styles of the three emperors who ruled from the
One of the most significant buildings of Agra Fort is the
multi-storeyed Jahangiri Mahal overlooking the river. Built by Akbar for
his wife, Jodha Bai, the Mahal is reached through an impressive gateway.
Later, Akbar's grandson Shahjahan dismant;led all the structures that
Akbar and Jahangir had built inside the Agra fort and replaced them with
white marble pavilions covered with inlay work such as the Diwa-i-khas,
the Mausam Burj, the Shaha Burj. Away from the waterfront he built the
Moti Masjid and Diwan-i-Am.
Travellers visit Agra for the Taj Mahal.. however, it is also famous
for the Agra Fort. Agra fort is the second most attractive monument of
Agra city and worth a visit for any art and history lover.